Editor-in-Chief Ufuk Demirkılıç Frequency Quarterly Abbreviation Turk J Vasc Surg Publisher Turkish National Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Society ISSN 2667-4947 E-ISSN 2667-5080

Turkish Journal of Vascular Surgery 2021 , Vol 30 , Issue 2
An evaluation of the long-term complications associated with totally implantable venous access in oncology patients
Ahmet Acıpayam1, Erdinç Eroğlu2
1Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey
2Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey
DOI : 10.9739/tjvs.2021.860 Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine long-term complications developing in venous port catheters inserted in oncological patients.

Patients and methods: A total of 205 oncology patients (124 males, 81 females; mean age: 50.1±22.3 years; range, 6 months to 90 years) in whom vascular port catheters were inserted between March 2015 and April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The first preference for port catheter application was the right internal jugular vein. If failed, the contralateral internal jugular vein was used. The procedure was carried out in the operating room with ultrasound (US) guidance under general anesthesia. All patients were evaluated in terms of pneumothorax, catheter orientation, and kinking and malposition after the procedure.

Results: A total 219 vascular ports were inserted in 205 patients. The indication for port catheter insertion was the receipt of long-term chemotherapy. Catheters were changed in four patients due to infection and in five patients due to catheter migration. The sites of catheter migration were the right atrium in two, the right ventricle in one, the main pulmonary artery in one, and the right pulmonary artery in one patient.

Conclusion: Port catheter insertion under US guidance is a well-designed procedure which can be performed with low complication rates by an experienced surgeon in an aseptic environment. Even if complications develop, they can be usually successfully treated in most cases. Keywords : Chemotherapy, complication, port, ultrasound, venous access

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