Editor-in-Chief Ufuk Demirkılıç Frequency Quarterly Abbreviation Turk J Vasc Surg Publisher Turkish National Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Society E-ISSN 2667-5080



Turkish Journal of Vascular Surgery 2014 , Vol 23 , Issue 1
Mortality After Elective Vascular Surgery: Reality We Don't Talk About
Serhat HÜSEYİN1, Volkan YÜKSEL1, Ümit HALICI2, Gönül SAĞIROĞLU3, Selami GÜRKAN4, Özcan GÜR4, Ahmet OKYAY1, Suat CANBAZ1, Turan EGE1, Hasan SUNAR1
1Kalp ve Damar Cerrahisi AD, Trakya Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Edirne
2Kalp ve Damar Cerrahisi Kliniği, Samsun Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Samsun
3Anesteziyoloji ve Reanimasyon AD, Trakya Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Edirne
4Kalp ve Damar Cerrahisi AD, Namık Kemal Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Tekirdağ
DOI : 10.9739/uvcd.2014-39526 Objective: Peripheral arterial disease is a progressive and systemic disease with a 30-day mor- tality rate between 2-8.5%. In this study, we aimed to investigate the causes of mortality after elective vas- cular surgery in our clinic. Material and Methods: Between January 2006 and December 2012, 864 patients underwent elective vascular surgery for peripheral artery disease in our clinic. Patients under 18 years of age, trauma patients and the emergent cases undergoing vascular surgery were excluded. Demographic characteristics of the patients, preoperative and operative risk factors, comorbidities associated with systemic diseases, operations, postoperative length of stay in the intensive care unit and mortality causes were examined. Results: Twenty of 864 patients died (2.3%); 19 males (95%) and 1 female (5%). All patients were operated under general anesthesia, under elective conditions. Mortalities were due to cardiac complications (low cardiac output syndrome, arrhythmia, postoperative myocardial infarction) in 7 pa- tients (35%), multiple organ failure in 3 patients (15%), pulmonary complications (pneumonia the ventilator be separated) in 3 patients (15%), gastrointestinal tract complications (acute mesenteric ischemia, gastrointestinal bleeding) in 3 patients (15%), sepsis in 1 patient (5%), disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in 1 patient (5%), neurological problems (postoperative cerebrovascular accident) in 1 patient (5%) and perioperative malignant hyperthermia in 1 patient (5%). Conclusion: A detailed evaluation of cardiac and other systems in patients undergoing elective vascular surgery is crucial for minimizing risk factors especially related to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Keywords : Peripheral arterial disease; vascular surgical procedures; risk factors; mortality
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