Editor-in-Chief Ufuk Demirkılıç Frequency Quarterly Abbreviation Turk J Vasc Surg Publisher Turkish National Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Society ISSN 2667-4947 E-ISSN 2667-5080

Turkish Journal of Vascular Surgery 2018 , Vol 27 , Issue 3
Surgical results of acute thromboembolic limb ischemia in octogenarians
Mustafa Aldağ1, Ahmet Öztekin1, Mehmet Şenel Bademci1, Cemal Kocaaslan1, Emine Şeyma Denli Yalvaç1, Ebuzer Aydın1
1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medicine Faculty of İstanbul Medeniyet University Göztepe Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey DOI : 10.9739/tjvs.2018.198 Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate surgical outcomes of octogenarian patients presenting with acute limb ischemia (ALI) and undergoing urgent thromboembolectomy.

Patients and methods: Between January 2016 and March 2018, the medical charts of a total of 27 octogenarian patients (16 females, 11 males; median age 85.2±4.3 years; range, 80 to 95 years) who were diagnosed with acute thromboembolic ischemia of the lower or upper limb and underwent urgent thromboembolectomy at our institution were retrospectively analyzed. The 30-day mortality rate of ALI was evaluated. Demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients, associated pathologies, and postoperative outcomes including infection, gastrointestinal bleeding, hematoma, revision surgery, and amputation were recorded.

Results: Nineteen patients (70.3%) had acute lower limb ischemia, while eight patients (29.7%) had acute upper limb ischemia. Acute ischemic pain was the most commonly seen symptom (n=26, 96.3%). Atrial fibrillation was the most common comorbidity in 62.9% patients. Postoperative complications included hematoma (n=5, 18.5%), wound infection (n=4, 14.8%), and gastrointestinal bleeding (n=2, 7.4%). Re-embolectomy was performed in three patients (11.1%). Fasciotomies were performed during follow-up due to compartment syndrome in three patients (11.1%) and these patients subsequently underwent lower limb amputation. The 30-day mortality occurred in two patients due to renal failure and the mortality rate was found to be 7.4%.

Conclusion: Based on our study results, ALI in octogenarians has different outcomes. Our findings suggest that patients with neurological deficit due to delayed ischemia and those with diabetes mellitus and severe ischemia face a higher risk in mortality and morbidity. Keywords : Embolectomy; limb ischemia; octogenarian; thromboembolism

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